Math Access for Teachers and Home Child Care Providers

Painted Rock

Children will use numbered rocks, 1-10 to practice sequencing skills.

Content Area Standard Target
• Number and Operations
• Algebra
• Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers, and number systems
• Understand patterns, relations, and functions
• Use multiple models to develop initial understandings of place value and the base-ten number system
• Develop understanding of the relative position and magnitude of whole numbers and of ordinal and cardinal numbers and their connections
• Sort, classify, and order objects by size, number, and other properties
• Recognize, describe, and extend patterns such as sequences of sounds and shapes or simple numeric patterns and translate from one representation to another
• Analyze how both repeating and growing patterns are generated
Obtain the Materials

• Flat rocks.  There should be enough so that children have a set of 5 rocks, possibly 10 rocks
• Paint & paintbrushes.  You can paint and number the rocks beforehand but it makes for a fun activity to have the children paint the rocks themselves.

Note: Small parts create a choking hazard for children. Make sure that all materials you choose to use for an activity or lesson with children meet safety requirements. Small parts are not appropriate for children who are 5 years of age or younger.

Introduce the Activity

1. Review the sequence of numbers 1 – 10.  When the children count from 1 to 10, ask questions such as, “What number comes after 5?”,  “What number comes before 7?”
2. Explain that today we are going to put our painted rocks in numerical order.  We will start with rock number 1 and then put the rocks in order until we end with rock number 10. (Use 5 rocks for the younger children)

Engage the Children

1. Give the children their sets of rocks.  Explain that they will begin with rock number 1 and place each rock side by side to form a line of rocks.

• You can make a Memory Game out of the rocks.  Turn all the rocks over with numbers face down,  The object of the game is to remember where each number is and then put the rocks into numerical order.  For example, if the child is looking for the number 4 and turns over the number 6, they need to turn over that rock and continue to turn over rocks until they find the number 4.  It can also be turned into a game between 2 players.
• The children can put the rocks into descending order starting with the number 10 and working down to number 1.

Encourage Vocabulary

• Numerical order – A number sequence by arranging numbers in ascending order (e.g., “We will put the rocks in numerical order - starting with number 1 and ending at number 10.”)
• Before – In front of (e.g., “What number comes before the number 3?”)
• After – Following, behind (e.g., “What number come after the number 3?”)

Glossary of MATH vocabulary

Supporting Children at Different Levels

Toddlers   Pre-K

Toddlers may:

• Still be working with numbers 1- 5.
• Still be working on number sequencing and counting to 10 in numerical order.

Pre-K Children may:

• Easily count to 10.

Home child care providers may:

• Use 5 rocks when working on numerical order.
• Provide a number line, numbers 1 – 10 so that the children can match up the numbers on the rock to the numbers on the number line.

Home child care providers may:

• Make a Memory Game out of the rocks.  Turn all the rocks over with numbers face down,  The object of the game is to remember where each number is and then put the rocks into numerical order.  For example, if the child is looking for the number 4 and turns over the number 6, they need to turn over that rock and continue to turn over rocks until they find the number 4.  It can also be turned into a game between 2 players.
• The children can put the rocks into descending order starting with the number 10 and working down to number 1.

Books

• Ten Black Dots by Donald Crews (New York: Greenwillow Books, 1995)
• The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle (London: Hamilton Hamish Children, 1994)

Music and Movement

• Recite nursery rhymes and sing songs that include counting such as: One, Two, Buckle My Shoe, There Were Ten in the Bed, This Old Man, Five Little Ducks and The Ants Go Marching One by One. This will give your child an opportunity to practice counting in a fun and playful manner. You can find free song lyrics and listen to melodies at www.kididdles.com.

Outdoor Connections

• Outside on the pavement, use chalk to draw to number line, numbers 1- 10.  Have the children line up on the number line, 1 child on the number 1, 2 children on the number 2 and so forth.  If you do not have enough children to do this, have the children use objects – 1 jump rope the number 1, 2 trucks on the number 2 and so forth.

Web Resources

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