
Obtain the Materials 

 Dixie Cups
 Tennis or bouncy ball
 Recording Sheet (you can download different recording sheets on the Internet or download the one pictured below here)
Note: Small parts create a choking hazard for children. Make sure that all materials you choose to use for an activity or lesson with children meet safety requirements. Small parts are not appropriate for children who are 5 years of age or younger.




Introduce the Activity 

 Ask the children if they have ever been bowling. Ask them what they know about bowling.
 Explain the game of bowling – 10 pins set up in a triangular fashion. You roll a ball to see how many pins you can knock down. You count how many pins are knocked down and how many pins are still standing.
 Explain that today the children will go bowling. They will count how many pins they knock down and how many pins are still standing and then they will record their results.




Engage the Children 

 Have the children set up 10 Dixie Cups against a wall (5 cups, then 4, then 3, then 2, and then 1 – like a bowling alley)
 The first player rolls the ball towards the Dixie Cups
 The first player counts how many pins were knocked over and records that number on their recording sheet.
 The first player then counts how many pins were not knocked down to find out how many pins are remaining. The children can check their answer by counting the number of pins knocked down and the number of pins still standing and arrive at the number 10.
 Now it’s player two’s turn. Keep taking turns until each player has had 10 turns.
NOTE: It is important to model this before turning it over to the children. Model how to properly roll the ball so that you don’t have balls interfering with other children’s games. Model how to record the results. You might even need to model taking turns and waiting patiently while someone else is taking his or her turn.
Additional Extensions
 As the children gain proficiency with the number 10 and then number combinations that make up the number 10 (4 + 6) increase the number of pins.
 Create bowling leagues. Create the partnerships according to like abilities. The children who are grasping the concept easily should be playing against one another with pins added to the game and the children who need additional practice to solidify the concept of 10 should be playing with other children who also need the practice.




Encourage Vocabulary 





Make Adaptations 

Supporting Children at Different Levels 
Toddlers 

PreK 
Toddlers may:


PreK Children may:

Home child care providers may:
 Help the child count the number of pins knocked down and the number of pins that are remaining.
 Help the child to write his or her numbers in the correct space on the recording sheet.
 Reduce the number of Dixie cups in the bowling game and play the game with a smaller amount of Dixie cups. Start at 5 and gradually build up to 10.

Home child care providers may:
 Give the child additional Dixie cups to add to his or her bowling game. Have the children work on combinations of 12, 14,… all of the combinations up to 20.





Books 

 Subtraction Action by Loreen Leedy (New York: Holiday House, 2002)
 Hersey Kisses Subtraction Book by Jerry Pallotta (New York: Cartwheel, 2002)
 Ten Sly Piranhas by William Wise (New York: Puffin, 2004)




Music and Movement 





Outdoor Connections 


Take the bowling game outside. You can use larger pins and a bigger ball. Use Dean’s milk bottles as pins and a larger rubber ball. Playing the game on a harder surface works better than on grass as the pins have a hard time staying up on the grass. When you play on a concrete surface, you can use chalk to write the recording sheet and keep score on the hard surface.

A trip to the bowling alley is fun for all ages. For the younger children, use bumpers so that the ball will knock down the pins and you won’t have an excess of gutter balls. Explain the scoring system, which is similar to the recording sheet and have the children keep their own score. In most cases, the scores are flashed up on a scoreboard above the lane so the children can consistently view their score. Bowling is a great school trip and helps to solidify basic addition and subtraction skills.




Web Resources 

