## Ten, Nine, Eight

In this lesson, children will orally count backwards from 10 to 1.

### Math Lesson for:

Toddlers/Preschoolers

(See Step 5: Adapt lesson for toddlers or preschoolers.)

### Content Area:

Algebra

### Learning Goals:

This lesson will help toddlers and preschoolers **meet the following educational standards**:

- Understand numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers and number systems
- Understand patterns, relations and functions
- Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols

### Learning Targets:

After this lesson, toddlers and preschoolers should be **more proficient** at:

- Counting with understanding and recognizing “how many” in sets of objects
- Sorting, classifying and ordering objects by size, number and other properties

## Ten, Nine, Eight

### Lesson plan for toddlers/preschoolers

#### Step 1: Gather materials.

**The book,**by Molly Bang*Ten, Nine, Eight*

**Two sets of 10 cards each**(The first set will feature the numerals 1-10. The second set will feature the same numbers written as words.)

**Note**: Small parts pose a choking hazard and are not appropriate for children age five or under. Be sure to choose lesson materials that meet safety requirements.

#### Step 2: Introduce activity.

**Review counting 1-10**. Count out loud with the children.**Explain**to the children that they are going to**count**backwards from 10 to 1 and they are going to match up the written**numbers**on their cards with the**numbers**in the book.

#### Step 3: Engage children in lesson activities.

- Pass out the numeral cards. Keep the cards with the number words.
- Read the story,
*Ten, Nine, Eight*. As you read, hold up the number word cards that match the numbers in the story.**Ask**: “What is this**number**word?” The children should hold up their matching**number**cards with the correct**numbers.** - When you are done reading the book, have the children
**count**backwards from 10 as a group.

**Additional Extensions**

- Using the numeral cards, have the children place them in descending order from 10 to 1.

- Have the children create a counting book starting at 10 and ending with the number one. They can write out the number word, write the numeral and draw a numerical representation of the number.

#### Step 4: Teach math vocabulary.

**Count**:**Number**:**number**word?”)

#### Step 5: Adapt lesson for toddlers or preschoolers.

##### Adapt Lesson for Toddlers

###### Toddlers may:

- Still be working on one-to-one correspondence and counting, in order, from 1 to 10

###### Home child care providers may:

- Continue to work on the children’s counting skills while reinforcing oral counting skills from 1-10
- Have the children match numbers with numbers (
**Ask**: “Who has the number 4?” and the children, using their numeral cards, will match the corresponding number.)

##### Adapt Lesson for Preschoolers

###### Preschoolers may:

- Already count from 1-10 forwards and backwards and have an understanding of one-to-one correspondence

###### Home child care providers may:

- Using the number cards, have the children place them in descending order from 10 to 1.
- Have the children create a counting book starting at 10 and ending with the number one. They can write out the number word, write the number and draw a numerical representation of the number.

### Suggested Books

by Molly Bang (New York: Greenwillow Books, 1996)*Ten, Nine, Eight*

### Music and Movement

**Play “Counting Out.”**en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counting-out_game

**Clap The Number 1 (counting and movement game for children)**.

**Count from 1 to 10 and back from 10 to 1**.

### Outdoor Connections

**When the children line up, have them line up in descending order**. Give each child a number and then have the children line up in descending order.**Using any objects found outside, have the children work with predetermined sets of objects**such as 10 leaves of different colors, 10 pieces of playground equipment or 10 clothing items needed when the weather gets colder.

### Web Resources

**Play the “Counting Game.”**members.learningplanet.com/act/count/free.asp

**Play “Balloon Pop” and “Fruit Shoot.”**www.sheppardsoftware.com/mathgames/menus/counting.htm

**Count down with numbers**. www.aaamath.com/B/cntk5gx2.htm

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